CBCT Electron Density & Image Quality Phantom

CBCT Electron Density & Image Quality Phantom


Minimize Dose * Increase Image Quality * Enhance Outcomes

The design intent of this phantom is to provide a tool that can be used for both electron density calibration and image quality assessment of Cone Beam CT systems integrated in radiation therapy devices. The electron calibration function of the phantom enhances the outcome of the adaptive radiation therapy while the image quality features address the fine balance between optimizing image quality while minimizing radiation dose.

The 062MQA CBCT Electron Density & Image Quality Phantom consists of several sections: a 100mm thick body slab, a 100 mm thick CBCT Image Quality phantom, a 50mm thick Electron Density Phantom, and a Bolus consisting of a 37.5mm thick uniform slab, a 12.5mm thick uniform slab and a 50mm thick uniform slab.

The 100 mm thick body section has a central hole that receives the CBCT Image Quality Phantom. Each Bolus slab is drilled to accommodate an ion chamber insert and allow for ion chamber measurements regardless of the position of the Image Quality Insert. The thicknesses of the sections were selected to allow for positioning of any of the layers containing the Image Quality features in the central axis of the beam. Also sections of different thickness decrease the increment with which the electron density section can be offset from the central axis.

The phantom support along with laser alignment marks allow for easy and quick positioning of the phantom on the accelerator couch. The phantom is placed on the support rails with the help of machined grooves.  Buffer plates are provided to decrease the artifacts from the support device and to allow the user to access the handles on the support plates. The leveling of the support and implicitly the phantom is done by adjusting leveling feet.

Features:

  • Perform all CT Image QA tests for AAPM TG Report #1
  • Use ionization chambers for dose measurements
  • Perform dose measurements using Ion chamber
  • Calibrate Electron Density in multi-slice CT and Cone Beam CT
  • Perform central axis and off-set measurements
  • Position simulated tissue materials in CT & CBCT energy range at 17 different locations
  • Optimized for volumetric imaging
  • Quick positioning and customized loading configurations

 

The One Tool Solution for Electron Density Calibration & Image Quality Assessment

CBCT Image Quality Phantom

The Phantom is comprised of four layers: spatial resolution, CT number linearity/slice thickness, low contrast and uniformity. The positioning of the different layers of the CBCT Image Quality phantom at the central axis can be done with the phantom in the 100mm body section or with the phantom placed directly on the support device.

 

Spatial Resolution Layer

The Spatial Resolution Layer is designed to evaluate the spatial resolution of IGRT systems. Line pair patterns from 1 lp/cm to 16 lp/cm are embedded in the background. In order to minimize artifacts, each line pair pattern is made from a material with 350HU greater than the background attenuation. The line pair patterns are 3D patterns 12mm in height along the longitudinal axis of the CBCT Image Quality Phantom. The spatial resolution targets are arranged in a circular pattern.

 

CT Number Linearity and Slice Thickness Layer

The CT number Linearity and Slice Thickness Layer is designed to determine Contrast-to-noise Ratio, Hounsfield number accuracy and Slice Thickness Sensitivity. Six rods made of Air, Low Density Polyethylene (LDPE), Polystyrene, Acrylic, Delrin and Teflon are used to measure the CnR and Hounsfield number Accuracy. Three angled air channels arranged in an equilateral triangle can be used to assess Slice thickness sensitivity.

 

Low Contrast Layer

The Low Contrast Layer is intended to assess the system's ability to detect small differences in contrast. It contains three sets of low contrast rods with linear attenuation differences of 0.5%, 1% and 2% relative to the background material. The diameters of the low contrast rods were chose to provide a 0.5 ratio between two adjacent rods by cross section and volume. Additional features are designed to evaluate the magnification on the orthogonal axes of the transversal image and as input for calculation of the Point Spread Function and subsequent calculation of Modulation Transfer Function.

 

Uniformity Layer

The Uniformity Layer is designed to measure the system’s ability to produce uniform images across the field of view of an object with highly homogeneous physical properties in all directions.

 

Electron Density Phantom

The Phantom consists of nested disks made from Plastic Water®. The nested disks allow simulation of both head and abdomen phantom configurations. Eight different tissue equivalent inserts can be positioned at 17 different locations within the scan field. The geometry of the phantom also enables the user to take measurement offset from the central axis.

 

Specifications
Overall Dimensions      330 mm x 270 mm x 50 mm (W x H x D)
Weight ≈ 20.5 kg (45.2 lb)
Materials Water and Tissue Equivalent Epoxy Resins, Engineered Plastics

 

Model 062MQA Includes
Qty Part No.
Description *Physical Density,
g/cc
Electron Density,
x 10²³ electrons/cc
RED
(Relative to H2O)
1 062MA-01 Electron Density Head Insert 1.029 3.333 0.998
1 062MA-02 Electron Density Body without Head Insert 1.029 3.333 0.998
2 062A-04 Lung (Inhale) Equivalent
Electron Density Plug
0.20 0.634 0.190
2 062A-05 Lung (Exhale) Equivalent
Electron Density Plug
0.50 1.632 0.489
2 062A-06 Breast (50% Gland / 50% Adipose)
Equivalent Electron Density Plug
0.99 3.261 0.976
2 062A-08 Solid Trabecular Bone (200 mg/cc HA)
Equivalent Electron Density Plug
1.16 3.730 1.117
2 062A-09 Liver Equivalent Electron Density Plug 1.07 3.516 1.052
2 062A-10 Muscle Equivalent Electron Density Plug 1.06 3.483 1.043
2 062A-11 Adipose Equivalent Electron Density Plug 0.96 3.171 0.949
2 062A-15 Solid Dense Bone (800 mg/cc HA)
Equivalent Electron Density Plug
1.53 4.862 1.456
1 062A-27 Solid Dense Bone (1250 mg/cc HA)
Equivalent Electron Density Plug
1.82 5.663 1.695
1 062MA-39 Water Equivalent Material Surrounding Removable
Ø 1" Vial for Real Water Electron Density Plug
1.00 3.340 1.000
1 062M-30 Set of 2 Feet for Model 062M - - -
1 062M-40 Soft Carry Case for Model 062M - - -
1 062MA-24 50 mm Thick Bolus Slab 1.029 3.333 0.998
2 062MA-32 100 mm L x Ø 30 mm Background
Equivalent Plug
1.029 3.333 0.998
1 062MA-33 12.5 mm Thick Bolus Slab 1.029 3.333 0.998
1 062MA-34 37.5 mm Thick Bolus Slab 1.029 3.333 0.998
1 062MA-36 CBCT Electron Density Phantom
–Annulus (100 mm Thick)
1.029 3.32 0.998
1 062MA-37 CBCT Electron Density Phantom
–Annulus Solid insert (100 mm Thick)
1.029 3.333 0.998
1 062MA-30 Holder/Support set for Model 062MA & 062MQA  -  -  -
1 062MA-40 Soft Carry Case for Model 062MA  -  -  -
1 062MQA-35 CBCT Image Quality Phantom  -  -  -
Background (Uniformity, Low Contrast/Magnification,
CT Number/Slice Thickness layer)
1.029 3.32 0.998
Background (Spatial Resolution layer) 1.12 3.66 1.100
1 062MQA-30 Holder for 062MQA-35 CBCT Image Quality Phantom (assembled)  -  - -
1 062MQA-40 Soft Carry Case for 062MQA-35 CBCT Image Phantom and 062MQA-30 Holder  -  - -
1   User Guide  -  -  -
-   48 Month Warranty  -  -  -

 

Insert Options
Customers are encouraged to complete their order with the purchase of the insert option listed below:
Qty Part No. Description *Physical Density,
g/cc
Electron Density,
x 10²³ electrons/cc
RED
(Relative to H2O)
 1 062MA-14-CV Water Equivalent Chamber Rod with Cavity
for Ion Chamber
1.029  3.333  0.998
Refer to separate Ion Chamber Cavity Codes Data Sheet for available chamber cavities. If the ion chamber cavity is not specified by customer, phantom is supplied with Part No. 062MA-14-CV50-1 that accommodates a Farmer type ion chamber. TLDs and Film available upon special request.

 

Optional Accessories
Qty Part No. Description *Physical Density,
g/cc 
Electron Density,
x 10²³ electrons/cc
RED
(Relative to H2O)
062MA-07** 800 mg/cc HA in Water Equivalent - Core Insert 1.53 4.862 1.456
062MA-12** Titanium Rod Core Insert 4.51 12.475 3.735
1 062MA-13 Distance Marker Insert 1.029 3.333 0.998
2 062MA-16 Water Equivalent Insert 1.029 3.333 0.998
1 062MA-17** 1000 mg/cc HA in Water Equivalent - Core Insert 1.66 5.243 1.570
1 062MA-18** 1250 mg/cc HA in Water Equivalent - Core Insert 1.82 5.663 1.695
1 062MA-19** ICRU Cortical Bone Equivalent Core Insert*** 1.93 5.956 1.780
1 062MA-20** 1500 mg/cc HA in Water Equivalent - Core Insert 1.99 6.134 1.837
1 062MA-21** 1750 mg/cc HA in Water Equivalent - Core Insert 2.15 6.600 1.976
1 062A-26 Solid Dense Bone (1000 mg/cc HA) Equivalent
Electron Density Plug
1.66 5.243 1.570
1 062A-28 Solid Dense Bone (1500 mg/cc HA) Equivalent
Electron Density Plug
1.99 6.134 1.837
1   062A-29 Solid Dense Bone (1750 mg/cc HA) Equivalent
Electron Density Plug
2.15 6.600 1.976

 

* Physical Density - The actual physical density of the insert can vary within ± 1% of the manufacturing target density.
Note: CIRS strongly recommends that the user inputs the electron density whenever prompted for material data by the TPS.

** These inserts have a a standard 30 mm diameter and contain a 10 mm diameter core of the indicated reference surrounded by H2O-equivalent background. Hydroxyapatite (unit mg/cc) in H2O background Plugs to accommodate chambers, TLD’s and film available upon special request. The titanium rod core insert has a unique diameter of 6.4 mm.

*** CIRS Cortical bone reference is based on ICRU Report No.44, and represents ≃12.2% H20, 24.6% protein, 58% mineral (assumed to be Calcium Hydroxyapatite (HA)), and 5.2% monosaccharides. CIRS further offers a series of mineral density references that mimic various HA concentrations in a pure water-equivalent epoxy background matrix.

 

Downloads CBCT Electron Density & Image Quality Phantom Brochure: Download PDF (939 kB)
CBCT Electron Density & Image Quality Phantom Datasheet: Download PDF (573 kB)
Ion Chamber Cavity Code Data Sheet: Download PDF (107 kB)
Full Tissue Simulation & Phantom Catalog: Download PDF (36.04 MB)